I am going to tell you what I had been taught as a child since I was 4 years old.
In Japan, all the kids are trained along this method at schools and that’s why Japanese people could stay so calm when the earthquake happened.
- Hide under a desk, table or anything you can protect your body from falling things from above, especially your head.
- When the quake stopped, go outside by your leg, means not elevator.
- On the way to outside, don’t run, don’t push the person in front of you, don’t shout, even don’t talk.
- Once you are outside, stay away from buildings or houses.
If you got a warning for tsunami, then, go to higher place near you. Buildings may be broken by the earthquake, but it is better to be in tsunami wave.
Remember, Japan lost more than 10,000 people already and there are more about 20,000 people are missing. It seems that Japan disaster is not so bad like the one in Indonesia or Haiti, but I think the training is the reason of why the most of the people in the suffered area could survive.